Hospital bed in Dhaka, Bangladesh

Hospital bed in Dhaka, Bangladesh. A hospital bed, sometimes known as a hospital cot, is a bed created especially for individuals requiring medical care in a hospital or those who are undergoing treatment there. These beds include distinctive features for the patient’s comfort and wellbeing as well as the ease of the medical staff. The head, foot, and complete bed can be raised or lowered. The bed and other neighboring electrical gadgets can be controlled by electronic buttons, and side rails can also be changed.

In addition to being used in hospitals, nursing homes, assisted living facilities, outpatient clinics, and home health care, hospital beds and other comparable types of beds are also utilized in other healthcare settings. Hospital bed in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

While “hospital bed” can refer to the actual bed, the term “bed” is also used to indicate the amount of space in a healthcare facility because the facility’s capacity is measured in the number of “beds” that are available.

Depending on the features and services offered, among other things, there are significant benefits and drawbacks for the various types of hospital beds.

Hospital bed in Dhaka, Bangladesh, History

In Britain, adjustable side rail beds initially appeared between 1815 and 1825.

The Cincinnati, Ohio-based mattress manufacturer Andrew Wuest and Son filed a patent application in 1874 for a form of mattress frame with an adjustable hinged head that served as the forerunner to the current hospital bed. Hospital bed in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Early in the 20th century, Willis Dew Gatch, head of the department of surgery at Indiana University School of Medicine, created the first three-section adjustable hospital bed. Sometimes this kind of bed is referred to as the Gatch Bed.

In an effort to do away with the bedpan, the earliest version of the current push-button hospital bed was created in 1945.

Hospital Bed modern features


The bed can be easily moved about the facility or within the room thanks to the wheels that are attached to it. The bed may need to be moved occasionally for patient care, anything from a few inches to a few feet.

Wheels can be locked. Locking the wheels makes it possible to transfer a patient safely in or out of bed. Hospital bed in Dhaka, Bangladesh.


A bed’s head, foot, and overall height can all be adjusted. Traditionally, this was done with cranks that were typically found at the foot of the bed, but modern beds include an electronic version of this feature.
While a fully electric bed has many modern electrical features, a semi-electric bed only has two motors, one to lift the head and the other to raise the foot.

For the patient, the staff, or both, the Fowler’s posture, which requires lifting the head, offers some benefits. The patient is raised in the Fowler’s position so they can eat or do other things. In some instances, it can also help with breathing, and the patient can benefit from it for other factors as well. Hospital bed in Dhaka, Bangladesh.
It can be simpler for the patient to move toward the headboard if their feet are raised, and in some cases it can even be necessary.

The height of the bed can be adjusted to make it easier for the patient to get in and out of bed or for caregivers to work with the patient.

Side rails

Bed side rails can have their height changed. These rails, which safeguard the patient, include the buttons that staff and clients use to move the bed, call the nurse, or even operate the television and occasionally help them feel more secure.

Side rails exist in a number of types for varied applications. While some are only intended to stop patient falls, others have devices that can help the patient without putting them in a bed. Hospital bed in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Patient entrapment is a possibility with side rails that are improperly built. This was the cause of more than 300 deaths in the US between 1985 and 2004.  The Food and Drug Administration has established rules regulating the security of side rails as a result.

Use of the rails may occasionally require a doctor’s order because they may be considered a sort of medical restraint, depending on local laws and the policies of the facility where they are deployed. Hospital bed in Dhaka, Bangladesh.